- author, Isaiah Preyton Yaem
- role, BBC World Service
Singapore achieved the world’s top ranking for students’ performance in mathematics, reading and science in the 2022 Pisa test.
This achievement has historically been very successful, especially in mathematics, and much of that achievement is due to the unique way the topic is taught.
Consider mathematics in Singapore. Why was it so successful?
PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) is a ranking system for the educational attainment of 15-year-olds introduced by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
For mathematics, one of the three main topics at Pisa 2022, the Singapore 15-year-old scored 575 points, while the average across the 81 participating contris was 472 points.
Singaporean authorities believe that mathematics education plays an important role in enabling pipos to think logically and analytically, and as such, Singaporean pipos are taught important mathematical skills such as reasoning, communication, and modeling from an early age. You will learn how to develop processes.
The nation’s distinctive approach to mathematics education, commonly known as Singapore Mathematics.
The Singapore Ministry of Education originally developed AM for public schools in the 1980s.
This method shifts the focus from memorization to a deeper understanding of research and has been widely adopted in various forms around the world in recent decades.
How does mathematics work in Singapore?
Understand the two core ideas underlying the Singaporean mathematics method: the concrete, pictorial, abstract approach (CPA) and the concept of proficiency.
Chartered Accountants are a mathematician unique to Singapore and developed in the 1960s by American psychologist Jerome Bruner.
They, and even adults, may find mathematics difficult because it is abstract if it is idea-based.
Therefore, CPAs are unable to introduce abstract concepts in a concrete way and can move on to more complex subjects.
Dr Ariel Lindorff told the BBC: “In Singapore mathematics, it’s common to always do somchin concrete.” Lindorff is an associate professor of education at the University of Oxford.
“Get an addition cube and place a staghorn. Place a picture on a somchin. Get an image of a flower and place a staghorn, a pipo, a frog, or a somchin, it’s easy to associate with just the numbers. and easier to navigate.”
CPA provides a way to understand mathematics through different representations.
Once students have demonstrated a solid understanding of the concrete and pictorial stages of a mathematical problem, they move on to learning the abstract stage.
“Singapore’s mathematics method does not rely on memorization,” said Dr. Lindorff.
The concept of “mastery”
Another pillar of Singapore’s mathematics method is the concept of ‘mastery’. The idea is to help students move forward in the lesson and ensure that no one is left behind.
For example, some people find that learning a particular topic, such as addition, helps them understand it faster.
However, rather than moving students to a completely different subject, provide additional activities related to the same subject to deepen their understanding.
“I’m definitely not saying you have to stop and wait for each student to catch up,” Dr. Lindorff said.
“If the children have a good understanding of addition, why not expand on the addition concept a little more, instead of moving on to subtraction?”
Disactivity is suitable for working with larger numbers and different formats.
Therefore, to gain Beta understanding, you need to solve the same problems as the rest of the class, but in a different way.
In Singapore Mathematics, it is very important that students see mathematics as important and accessible.
“The idea is that everyone can do math, and everyone can learn some concepts,” Dr. Lindorff said.
“Some people fit in faster, some people fit in a little deeper…We often think that some people can understand math, and some people just don’t. I believe in the truth, but do not get wet, and do not fundamentally understand Singapore mathematics either.
Shey Singapore Is Mathematics suitable for work elsewhere?
This method is already used in many countries, including the United States, Canada, Israel, and the United Kingdom.
However, Dr Lindorff believes that the success of the Singapore Mathematics Method is closely related to Singapore’s educational culture, context and history.
“I don’t think you can take this route and rest for the order contris,” she said.
“Singapore has an interesting and unique history and is a very small place. Thinking about educational change in Singapore is different than thinking about change in the UK or the US.”
She also pointed out that teachers in Singapore have brighter career prospects and beta support compared to oda kontris. She added that Singaporeans’ attitude towards mathematics education was also a determining factor in Singapore’s mathematics success.
“I think learning mathematics is beneficial, but is it beneficial for me?” she asks.
“Do you just want to solve homework problems? Or what about problem solving in life?”